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Abbey (Abbey, abbeys, abbot, abbess, abbot's, abbey's)
An abbey was a monastery run by an abbot or abbess. Abbeys were usually larger monasteries and were built in the countryside away from towns.
Accession (Accession)
Accession is when a person becomes a King or Queen.
Airship (Airship, Airships,)
A type of aircraft that is lighter-than-air and able to be steered. Examples include blimps and zeppelins.
Aisle (Aisle, Aisles)
An aisle is a passage. In churches there is generally a central aisle and often 2 other aisles, one on eith side of the nave.
Almonry (Almonry, Almonries)
A place where alms were distributed to the poor, usually in or near a church. Alms were charitable donations such as food, clothing or money.
Almshouse (Almshouse, Almshouses)
A place offering accommodation to the poor, sick or elderly of a parish. They are usually paid for and supported by charitable donations.
Alum (Alum)
Alum was a chemical used in the tanning and cloth dyeing industries. It was produced from shale (a type of rock) which was burned causing two chemicals in the shale to combine. The liquid produced from the residue was then boiled and combined with ammonia extracted from seaweed or urine to finally produce crystals of pure alum.
Ammunition (Munitions)
Anything such as bullets and rockets, that can be fired from a weapon.
Anglican (Anglican, Anglicans)
Any one or thing related to the Church of England. Thus following the Christian, Protestant, faith.
Apse (apse, apsis, apsidal)
A semicircular or polygonal domed or vaulted structure joined on to a building. They are often found at the east end of a church. They often contain the altar.
Arboretum (Arboretum, Arboretums)
A place devoted to the growing and exhibiting of rare trees.
Art Deco (Art Deco)
As in Art Deco. This is a style of architecture and interior design that was fashionable in the 1920s and 1930s. It features strong shapes and bold colours. It used designs from ancient Egyptian and Aztec architecture.
Art Nouveau (Art Nouveau)
A late 19th and early 20th century style of art, architecture, and decoration. It is characterised by designs of leaves and flowers with flowing lines and curves. It was at its peak from c1890-1910.
Arts and Crafts (Arts and Crafts)
Arts and Crafts is a style of architecture that was popular in the late 19th and early 20th century. It was based on bringing back a traditional hand-made look using local styles and building materials.
Ashlar (Ashlar)
Ashlar is dressed stone work of any type of stone. Ashlar blocks are highly finished, precisely cut blocks of stone. When laid with others in even courses (rows) it creates a uniform face with fine joints. Most often used as a facing on the visible exterior of a building, especially as a veneer for the facade. Also called dressed stone. Often used in classical buildings.
Asylum (Asylum, Asylums)
A place of refuge or shelter. In Victorian times it was also used to refer to an institution where people with mental health problems were sent.
Augustinian (Augustinian, Augustinians)
A religious group or person who follow the rules of St Augustine of Hippo (354-430AD). The main rules are that you should 'love God and then your neighbour'. Nothing is your own property, you should share all you have with others. You should not look down on those poorer than you. You must pray to god regularly. Do not over eat or be greedy. Dress plainly in clean clothes. Care for the sick. Do as you are told by your superiors.


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