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Maisonette (Maisonette, Maisonettes)
A two storey flat located within a block of flats. They are usually laid out like a house with bedrooms and bathroom upstairs.
Malt (Malt, Malting, Malted, Malts, Maltings)
Malt is barley or grain that is soaked, germinated and dried for use in brewing or distilling. Maltings are buildings with malt kilns for the malting of grains and with other equipment for brewing work.
Manor (Manor, Manors, Manorial)
The land or estate belonging to a lord or nobleman. He would live in the manor house. He had control over the people who worked on his land and could hold manorial courts to enforce the law.
Martello (Martello)
A coastal gun/watch tower. A series of Martello towers were built as part of the anti-invasion defences during the Napoleonic Wars (1799-1815).
Martyr (Martyr, Martyrs, Martyrdom)
A martyr is someone who is put to death because of their religious beliefs.
Mason (Mason, Masons, Masonry)
A craftsman who carves and shapes stone for building and for decorating buildings.
Mausoleum (Mausoleum, Mausoleums)
A large or grand tomb. Usually for a single person or family.
Medieval (Medieval, Middle Ages)
The medieval period lasted from 1066 (the date of the Norman invasion) until 1485 (the date that the Tudor family became monarchs). It is also known as the Middle Ages.
Methodist (Methodist, Methodists)
A person who is a member of the Methodist church which is one of the Christian Nonconformist Protestant religions. These religions do not follow the teaching of the Church of England. Methodist churches are much plainer than parish churches. The minister stands in the same part of the church as the congregation (people attending the service). See Nonconformist.
Milecastle (milecastle, milecastles)
At every ‘Roman mile’ (approx 1.5 km) along the wall a milecastle was built. These were small forts for up to 50 men. Between each of these were two turrets. Soldiers lived there to defend the Wall and to control gates to the roads that ran between the milecastles, turrets and the Military Road.
Militia (Militia)
Civilians trained as soldiers but not part of the regular army
Minaret (Minaret, Minarets)
A tall slender tower attached to a mosque, having one or more projecting balconies from which a muezzin (priest) summons the people to prayer.
Minster church (Minster church)
Minster is a title given to particular churches in Great Britain. It is used for large or important churches, especially collegiate or cathedral churches.
Moat (Moat, Moats, Moated)
A deep, wide defensive ditch. Normally filled with water and surrounding a fortified site, such as a castle.
Modernism (Modernism, Modernist)
A design style dating from the 1920s featuring clean lines and a plain style based on the function (use) of the building. Decoration is minimal. It started in the Bauhaus School of Art in Germany. Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier were important architects. British Modernism arrived with refugees from Nazi Germany.
Monastery (Monastery, Monk, Monasteries)
A building occupied by people who have dedicated their lives to God - monks or canons. They live, work and worship together and have no personal possessions. They take vows and follow strict rules of conduct.
Monument (monument, monuments)
A monument is any type of structure that was specifically made to commemorate a person or important event, or which has become important to a social group as a part of their remembrance of historic times or cultural heritage.
Moorish (Moorish)
A style of architecture based on designs used by the Moors who came from Africa to rule southern Spain in the 13th to 16th centuries. The designs are based on ornate, geometric decoration and arches shaped like horseshoes.
Moot (Moot)
An anglo saxon word for a meeting or meeting place.
Motte (Motte, Mottes)
The mound made of earth on top of which the original part of a castle was built. The castle was often just a wooden fence at first and later on a stone tower called the Keep. As in a motte and bailey castle. See Bailey.
Municipal (Municipal, Municipality)
The word municipal is used to describe something that belongs to the town or the town council or is run by them. It could be a building such as the 'municipal' swimming baths.
Munitions (Munitions, Ammunition)
Anything such as bullets and rockets, that can be fired from a weapon.


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