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Victorian Houses

A mixture of Victorian houses as they look today and how they looked when they were first in use, over 100 years ago.

Check out our Teaching Activity What was housing like for the Victorian middle classes?



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New Villas, Goring, Oxfordshire
Reproduced by permission of Oxfordshire County Council

New Villas, Goring, Oxfordshire

A bird's-eye view of the new villas built in the village at the end of the 19th century. The village was relatively small until this time, but its situation on the banks of the river Thames greatly increased its popularity.

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Divinity Road, Oxford, Oxfordshire
Reproduced by permission of Oxfordshire County Council

Divinity Road, Oxford, Oxfordshire

Looking along Divinity Road lined with new Victorian houses, taken from the tower of St Mary and St John's Church.

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Collingwood Villas, Plymouth
English Heritage.NMR/Mr Duncan Ferguson

Collingwood Villas, Plymouth

A pair of villas, built as part of a planned development in a Classical style. They are shown on the 1867 map for this area, so must have been built before this date.

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Market Court, Kensington High Street, London
Reproduced by permission of English Heritage.NMR

Market Court, Kensington High Street, London

An early photograph of Market Court on the south side of Kensington High Street, three years before the site was demolished. The inhabitants pose for the camera. Courts such as this one were frequently over-crowded with cramped and insanitary conditions.

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Worker's housing, Port Sunlight, Merseyside
Reproduced by permission of English Heritage.NMR

Worker's housing, Port Sunlight, Merseyside

Children outside half-timbered worker's housing built as part of the model village for the Tudor Company in Port Sunlight.

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Workers' housing, Robinwood Mill, Todmorden, West Yorkshire
Copyright Crown copyright.NMR

Workers' housing, Robinwood Mill, Todmorden, West Yorkshire

These regular streets of terraced houses were constructed in 1864 for the workers at Robinwood Mill. The larger houses would have been for the overlookers (foremen) in the mill, and were built to a high standard. A toilet and coal cupboard was situated in an outhouse adjoining the kitchen.

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Arkwright Town, Duckmanton, Derbyshire
Crown copyright.NMR

Arkwright Town, Duckmanton, Derbyshire

Arkwright Towns was built in the mid-19th century to house the workers of the local mine. The town was laid out in a grid pattern, with wider streets than often seen in Victorian terraces, although the houses still open onto the street. It was demolished and a new settlement built in the mid-1990s.

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20 Victoria Street, Shildon, Durham
Crown copyright.NMR

20 Victoria Street, Shildon, Durham

These 19th-century worker's houses were built by the Stockton and Darlington Railway Co. Many companies built their workers houses, with larger and better properties going to managers and more senior workers. The quality of houses varied considerably.

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Parade Street, Barrow in Furness, Cumbria
English Heritage.NMR/Mr CJ Wright LRPS

Parade Street, Barrow in Furness, Cumbria

A typical row of Victorian red brick terraced houses fronting directly onto the street

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Edward Street, Saltaire, Shipley, West Yorkshire
Crown copyright.NMR

Edward Street, Saltaire, Shipley, West Yorkshire

The housing in Saltaire reflected the status of the workers. Most of the workers occupied small houses consisting of 4 rooms and cellar-pantry. The larger corner houses were for managers and supervisors. Mill owner Titus Salt spent 20 years planning and building this model town.

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Terrace of 24 cottages, Railway Village, Swindon
English Heritage.NMR/Dr Robert Slade

Terrace of 24 cottages, Railway Village, Swindon

One of the streets in the development built for the Great Western Railway Company workforce. These are two storey buildings with a separate dwelling on each floor, all two rooms deep. The downstairs houses were reached through a passage on the front, upstairs by lean-to stairs from the walled rear yard. Toilets were in the rear yard.

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Church Road, Kemble, Gloucestershire
English Heritage.NMR/Lorna Freeman

Church Road, Kemble, Gloucestershire

Two pairs of semi-detached cottages built in the late 19th century from local Cotswold Stone.

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Reading Road, Lower Basildon, Berkshire
Reproduced by permission of English Heritage.NMR

Reading Road, Lower Basildon, Berkshire

This row of five smart, gabled, timber-framed cottages were built in 1865 as estate cottages for a Charles Morrison.

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New Bolsover Post Office, Old Bolsover, Derbyshire
Crown copyright.NMR

New Bolsover Post Office, Old Bolsover, Derbyshire

The Post Office at Bolsover was built 1888-93 as part of the model village that served the nearby mine run by the Bolsover Colliery Company. By providing facilities and housing companies could both attract workers and have power over their conduct.

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Myrtle Villas, 22-24 Ravenscourt Gardens, Hammersmith, Greater London
Reproduced by permission of English Heritage.NMR

Myrtle Villas, 22-24 Ravenscourt Gardens, Hammersmith, Greater London

View from the street, a board for M E E Roberts, architect and surveyor is by the gate of No 22.

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Cadogan Square, Chelsea, Greater London
English Heritage.NMR/Ms Alison Lee LRPS

Cadogan Square, Chelsea, Greater London

Built c1890 these smart town houses have four storeys of living space, an attic and a basement. They are a good example of the Queen Anne (Dutch) style of architecture

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29 Fernhead Road, West Kilburn, Greater London
Reproduced by permission of English Heritage.NMR

29 Fernhead Road, West Kilburn, Greater London

Houses like this one, with several bay windows jutting out, became popular from around 1870. This photograph was taken in 1889.

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Bath Road, Swindon, Swindon
English Heritage.NMR/Dr Robert Slade

Bath Road, Swindon, Swindon

A terrace of five houses for middle class, white collar, workers set in a row of Victorian houses in varying materials and styles. Decorative features based on those designed for large country houses were mass produced for local builders from a set of stock patterns

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Manchester Road, Southport, Merseyside
English Heritage.NMR/Mr Keith Suddaby FRPS

Manchester Road, Southport, Merseyside

A pair of semi detached villas in classical style built for wealthy middle class families and generally found in the suburbs.

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Bletchley Park House, Buckinghamshire
English Heritage.NMR/Mr Nick Jarvis FDPS, ARPS

Bletchley Park House, Buckinghamshire

A Large country house built in 1860, now used as offices. It was also used by the government to house code breakers during World War Two.



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